Chesapeake Area Metalworking Society
Museum Machine Shop Restoration Project
History from the year 2000 and earlier
In late 1999 the Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association contacted CAMS about the possibility of working with them to move an antique machine shop and set up a new museum at Tuckahoe. What follows is a history of this project, in reverse chronological order, from its startup through the year 2000..
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration Project
Work Report #19 -December 16, 2000
The team of Vince Iorio, Dave Welser, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich continued work on the CAMS/Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association machine tool restoration project.
The majority of the day's "heavy lifting" was devoted to removing the ram from the Smith & Mills 16" Plain Crank shaper for cleaning and to afford access to the upper column of the machine. Over the years, a considerable amount of shop gunk had worked its way into the machine, so we found it necessary to initiate a thorough cleaning. We had originally considered trying to procure an engine hoist or similar lifting device to remove the ram, but we found after we loosened it that it was possible to safely lift and move it to our work table by hand. (It was a four-man lift, though!)
We also spent some time making more measurements, sketches, and card templates of the carriage advance crank and the cross slide crank for the "old" 14" F. E. Reed engine lathe. Both of these parts are broken, with pieces missing, so it will be necessary to make or procure replacements. The corresponding unbroken parts from the "new" Reed lathe are more robust than the broken ones, so we are attempting to scale major dimensions from one lathe's components to the other. These handles are the principal barrier to having a mechanically complete lathe, so we are anxious to complete the task.
Brian Bratvold and Dave Welser conducted a two-man weekday work session on November 30, during which they test-fitted and tweaked a pair of back-gear guards that Brian had fabricated for the "old" Reed. The final profile of the guards was established, and they were returned to Brian's shop to have side pieces angle-bent to shape and welded in place. Working off-site, Brian also did a beautiful job of engraving and numbering the graduations in a compound dial collar that Luther had machined for the "old" Reed. To further paint the lily, Brian also machined a pair of "period" flanged nuts to hold the compound dials in place on both the "old" and "new" Reed lathes. The quality of Brian's work is always outstanding, and the speed with which he turns out his projects truly humbles the rest of us.
If the foregoing sounds like the rudiments of an Appreciation, that's pretty much what it is. We have learned, with truly mixed feelings, that Brian will be leaving our team. In a "swords into plowshares" career move, he is saying goodbye to the Navy's now-defunct David Taylor Research Center in Annapolis in favor of the John Deere Waterloo Works--in Iowa! (Could his exposure to the Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association have favorably influenced his decision to seek employment in the agricultural implement industry?) While we wish Brian all the best in his new career, we cannot help but feel that his departure will leave a huge gap in our ranks. Brian, we will miss you!
The next work session is set for Saturday, January 20, 2001 (the Saturday before Cabin Fever).
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration ProjectWork Report #18 -November 18, 2000
The team of Brian Bratvold, Vince Iorio, Dave Welser, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich continued work on the CAMS/Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association machine tool restoration project.
Normally we do almost all of our work in the machine tool exhibit at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum. We did put in a couple of hours of work at that site, but the true focus of the day's activity was the workshop of Mr. Jack Woods, of Preston, Maryland, where the team removed the overhead lineshaft and all of the remaining countershafts for the machine tools that Mr. Woods had previously donated to the Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association. (The countershaft for the Garvin #13 1/2 horizontal milling machine had previously been transported to the Rural Life Museum, leaving the countershafts for the Smith & Mills shaper, the short-bed F. E. Reed 14" lathe, and the Dietz, Shumacher, & Boye lathe.)
We started work at Mr. Woods' shop around 11:30 and finished a little after 1:30. Briefly stated, the project involved perching atop step ladders, securing the components with heavy ropes, unbolting them, and gingerly lowering them to earth. In some cases, it was possible to remove some parts from the assemblies, thus lightening the load and improving the safety factor. Thus the relatively small countershafts for the Smith & Mills shaper and the Reed lathe came down fairly quickly. The countershaft for the Dietz, Shumacher, & Boye lathe, while presenting no particular technical difficulties, required careful handling due to its size. (We estimate its weight at about 300 pounds--it took four of us to safely lift and carry it.)
The lineshaft required us to perform a little more "rafter rat" duty due to the manner of its installation. It was mounted on top of a fabricated steel truss that spanned the workshop. We removed as many parts as we could from it, rigged it for lowering, then maneuvered it around several rafters and garage door support brackets until we could safely lower it. Then, for good measure, we removed the steel truss assembly in pretty much the same fashion. With the exception of the line shaft and the truss, we loaded all of the overhead hardware into one of our pickup trucks for the return to Tuckahoe. Mr. Woods had recently moved the Dietz, Shumacher, & Boye lathe from the shop into his yard (an heroic task!), so we covered it with tarpaulins to protect it from the elements until the Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association can load and transport it. The lineshaft and truss will be included with that move.
Upon our arrival at the Tuckahoe showground, we unloaded the drive components and stored them in the Rural Life Museum adjacent to our work area. We are happy and grateful to report that we concluded the operation without any serious injuries.
Brian has contributed two pieces of equipment that should make the restoration effort go much easier--a 4 1/2 inch jaw Rock Island vise and a parts washer. (Thanks, Brian!) The parts washer will need to have its pump replaced to make it fully operational--does anyone have a 120 volt submersible parts washer pump that you might like to donate to the effort? If so, please contact Vince at the email address below.
Special Addendum to Work Report #17: Regular readers of this report may recall that in Work Report #15, October 7, 2000, we mentioned that Dave Welser was working on a motorized wire wheel rig for parts cleaning. Dave brought the device to Tuckahoe on November 4, when it was put to application and found to be entirely satisfactory. Somehow this fact escaped mention in Work Report #17 (despite the fact that Dave--modest to a fault--was provided with an advance review draft of that report). So with thanks and apologies to Dave, we herewith belatedly acknowledge his contribution.
Our next work session is scheduled for Saturday, December 16, at about 10:00 a.m. As always, we encourage our fellow CAMS-ers to join us in the restoration effort. For directions to the site, or other information, contact Vince at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration ProjectWork Report #17 -November 4, 2000
The team of Vince Iorio, Dave Welser, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich continued work on the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum.
Upon our arrival, we discovered that a new member had been donated to our machine tool family--a portable keyway cutter of undetermined manufacture. It has suffered some damage to its main body casting, so our restoration efforts for the day were limited to coating it lightly with oil and placing it aside for more attention in the future.
We made reasonable progress in our work on the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine. We chased the threads for one of the spindle bearing keyscrews that had been binding and frustrating our efforts to reinstall it properly. We also located and test-fitted the X- and Y-axis travel-limiting rods to the table. In his efforts to fit a replacement pinion to the table's X-axis traversing mechanism, Vince brought a collection of gears for test-fitting. Unfortunately, we did not find a match. Vince also brought copies of pages from his vintage Pratt & Whitney catalog that picture the P&W #10 in the configuration of the machine that we are restoring. They will aid immeasurably in our efforts.
After lunch, we made a brief field trip to the shop of Mr. Jack Woods, of Preston, Maryland. (Mr. Woods is the donor of three of our "newer" machine tools, as well as of the Dietz, Shumacher, and Boye lathe yet to be moved to the Tuckahoe site.) We surveyed the line shafting and countershaft components remaining at his shop and made plans for removing most of them and transporting them to Tuckahoe during our next work session. We also salvaged a change-gear storage box (possibly for the "new" F. E. Reed lathe) and a Wagner two-horsepower electric motor. If it is restorable, we will probably mount this motor on the Pratt & Whitney #10 mill. We will consult closely with Art Lyman on this project.
We took numerous measurements of the broken carriage traverse and cross slide handles on the "old" F. E. Reed lathe, as well as of the undamaged handles from the "new" Reed lathe. We will use these data to produce measured sketches or drawings to aid in our parts procurement/fabrication.
Work also continued on the Smith & Mills shaper. Jerry had disassembled and cleaned most of the table traversing mechanism during the previous work session, so he reassembled these parts. (This proved to be a wise step. It is amazing how easy it is to forget where certain parts go in a mechanism--even with photos and notes to aid the reassembly.) We are planning to remove the ram for inspection and cleaning. Because this is one heavy chunk of metal, we will need a safe, sturdy lifting device--probably an engine hoist at a minimum.
Finally, the team completed some cleaning work on the miscellaneous tooling on hand. Chris Helgesen (one of the members of the original CAMS Tuckahoe survey team back in April) has volunteered to clean some parts/tooling in his home shop, so a box of "goodies" was prepared for Chris's attention.
We have not yet determined a date for the next work session. As we indicated above, we intend to return to Preston to remove the overhead drive components for the Smith & Mills shaper and the "new" F. E. Reed lathe.
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration Project
Work Report #16 -October 14, 2000
The team of Brian Bratvold, Vince Iorio, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich continued work on the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum.
We spent some time taking stock of our progress, and brainstorming how best to proceed in completing our restoration efforts. Because the "old" F. E. Reed lathe is nearly mechanically complete now, we developed a sort of "punch-out list" of items remaining to be done for its completion. (This list, along with some more tentative lists developed for some of our other projects, follows this report.) We then removed and cleaned some parts from the "new" Reed lathe, such as the back gear guards, the tool tray, and the indexing dial from the compound slide, to determine whether they can serve as patterns for replacement parts for the "old" lathe. (Some can--the tool tray is an exact fit, and the parts of the indexing dial, which are wholly machined from solid stock, can be scaled down slightly to fit the "old" machine. The "new" back gear guards were too robust for the "old" machine, so Brian made cardboard patterns for replacement parts.)
Work continues on the Smith & Mills 16" Plain Crank shaper. Jerry has adopted this machine as his particular project. He removed and cleaned much of the exposed table drive mechanism, as well as the gibs for the ram. Part of our plan for completing the restoration of the shaper involves devising a temporary motor mount, so that an electric motor can be installed behind the machine to bring it under power for testing and demonstrations. If it works well in this mode, it will become a prime candidate for operation under overhead flat belt power.
As we reported last week, Dave Welser completed cleaning of the big Jacobs chuck for the "old" Reed lathe, so he returned it to Tuckahoe via one of the other team members.
No date has been set yet for the next work session (although it will probably be on a Saturday in early November). We hope to have a date set by the time of the next CAMS monthly meeting on October 26.
We have identified the following jobs that needed to be completed, and in some cases we have identified the team member to be primarily responsible for each task's accomplishment. With regard to the "old" Reed lathe, when these tasks are completed, we believe that the machine should be ready for application. In the case of the other machine tools, other tasks, not yet identified, may need to be completed before the individual restoration project is finished.
A. "Old" Reed Lathe:
1. Compound dial and handle -- Luther
2. Cross slide crank -- Luther
3. Carriage crank -- Luther
4. Back gear guard -- Brian
5. Tool tray -- Brian
6. Thrust bearing -- Vince
7. Counter shaft -- Luther
8. Correction of rough carriage movement -- Brian
9. Mounting system -- Brian
B. Pratt and Whitney No. 10 horizontal milling machine:
1. Provide illustrations/data from historical sources to be kept onsite -- Vince
2. Procure a replacement pinion for the table's transverse (X-axis) movement -- Vince
3. Procure an electric motor of the appropriate age, appearance, and capacity to operate the machine -- not yet assigned
4. Build a platform on the base of the column for mounting an electric motor -- Vince
5. Make wooden grips for control handles --Jerry
C. J.E. Snyder Drill Press:
1. Replace or repair broken lower cone pulley
2. Procure or fabricate a heavy flat head machine screw to attach upper end of spindle advance rack
3. Correct excessive play in the upper bearings
4. Procure or fabricate a power pulley
5. Procure or fabricate a control lever mechanism
(Some historical research is to be done before steps (4) and (5) are undertaken.)
D. Projects in wood:
1. Building a 3' X 10' workbench of historical appearance for exhibit area -- Jerry
2. Building a small stand for motor-mounted wire brush that would be away from the immediate work area. -- Jerry
E. Power alternatives under consideration for:
1. Reed Lathe:
a. Hang countershaft from building rafters
b. Hang countershaft from a post-and-beam structure to be built inside the existing building
c. As a temporary measure, support countershaft from an A-frame or similar structure standing over the lathe. (If it proves to be feasible, this method would permit the machine to be operated under light power for testing and demonstration. Properly designed, the structure might be used to test and demonstrate other machine tools as well.)
d. Move lathe more to the center of the building so that the clock maker's shop backdrop won't be in the way of an overhead drive system
2. Smith & Mills 16" Plain Crank Shaper:
a. As a temporary measure, set shaper on a platform of heavy timbers and fasten an electric motor behind the shaper on the timbers
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration ProjectWork Report #15 -October 7, 2000
The severely abbreviated team of Jerry Tuwiner and Luther Dietrich resumed work on the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum.
We continued our work of cleaning and fitting parts for the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine, particularly the intermediate sprocket drive shaft and the pinion shaft for the table's longitudinal (X-axis) feed. We had spent considerable time and energy preparing to extract a broken screw of about 1/2 inch diameter from a tapped hole for the electric motor mount located in the base of the P&W column. Among other things, we had made a set of drill bushings to permit us first to drill a well-centered hole in the broken screw, and then to enlarge that hole until it skimmed the tapped hole's threads, at which point we hoped to be able to pick out the remnants of the screw's threads. We came armed for the task with three different sizes of needle-nosed pliers, heavy tweezers, and an assortment of dental picks. Upon applying a drill to the workpiece, we immediately learned (with mixed feelings) that the "broken screw" was, in actuality, composed only of densely-packed crud. Oh, well. If it had been an actual broken screw, we are convinced that we would have disposed of it in short order.
In addition to work on the Pratt & Whitney, we began serious cleaning of the Smith & Mills shaper. We first removed and cleaned the vise. We then cleaned the table and the traversing (X-axis) mechanism.
During the morning, we received a visit from Jack Woods, of Preston, Maryland, who had donated the Smith & Mills shaper, the Garvin horizontal mill, the "new" F. E. Reed lathe, and the yet-to-be-transported Dietz, Shumacher, and Boye lathe. Mr. Woods recalled that, with the exception of the Reed lathe (which exhibits pronounced wear of the ways near the headstock), all of these machine tools were capable of quite acceptable accuracy when he used them. This strengthens our tentative impression that it may not be necessary to completely disassemble and recondition all of these machines before installing and testing them under power.
The CAMS Machine Tool Restoration Project Team welcomes a new Associate Volunteer in the person of Dave "Bullet" Wooters, a former machinist who is currently Chairman of both the House & Grounds Committee and the Railroad Committee of the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association. Bullet has offered in particular to help with maintenance tasks such as applying lubrication and penetrating oil as needed to the machine tools under restoration between our work sessions. Having repeatedly witnessed the rapidity with which freshly-cleaned steel can develop surface rust, we heartily welcome Bullet's involvement.
Working offsite, Dave Welser reports that he has cleaned the big Jacobs chuck for the "old" F. E. Reed lathe and has it ready to bring back to Tuckahoe. He is also working with Vince Iorio on constructing a larger and more powerful bench-mounted rotary wire brush rig for the team to use onsite for parts cleaning.
Our next work session is scheduled for Saturday, October 14, at around ten a.m. We are looking forward to seeing more people in attendance, with shirt sleeves rolled up and shop rags at the ready.
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration ProjectWork Report #14 -September 9, 2000
The team of Vince Iorio, Jerry Tuwiner, Dave Welser, and Luther Dietrich continued work on the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum.
Most of our efforts were directed toward reassembling the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine. The day's major task involved tipping the stripped-down machine on its side and inserting the heavy counterweight for the knee and table assembly into the hollow column (truly a four-man job!). Most of the remaining work on the mill was directed toward cleaning, rehabilitating, and reassembling several of the components of the cross slide and milling table. We suffered something of a setback when we discovered that a pinion necessary to move the table in the X direction was missing. (A previous owner had started fabricating a crank and leadscrew mechanism to replace the rack-and-pinion arrangement.) Vince will attempt to determine the correct size and type of gear, then try to "find" or procure a replacement. Most of the other parts for the knee and table appear to be present, although we seem to be missing the original crank handles.
As we progress in our restoration of the Pratt & Whitney, we believe that we are learning that it is not a typical job-shop milling machine. Rather than employing leadscrews for moving the workpiece along the X and Z axes, this P&W uses handcranked rack-and-pinion mechanisms (counterweighted in the case of the knee). We believe that this indicates that the mill was made for profiling cutting, e.g., following a pattern to produce compound curves in parts such as firearms receivers. (Turn-of-the-twentieth-century trade literature suggests that horizontal milling machines of this size were pitched to manufacturers of firearms, typewriters, and sewing machines for mass production of small parts.) We have yet to determine what the specific patterns looked like, or where they were mounted on the mill. Does anyone out there have an old text on how to operate these types of machines? Any help would be greatly appreciated.
The "old" Reed lathe is now substantially complete, except for crank handles for the carriage, an indexing collar for the compound, and the overhead countershaft assembly. Accordingly, our efforts on the Reed centered on attempting some tests for warpage of the bed. Brian Bratvold had lent a precision level to aid in this task, but the lathe was too far out of level to determine if the bed was warped. We will have to work on leveling the lathe before we can attempt much further testing or tweaking.
Dave delivered to the museum an assortment of large lathe tool holders that Paul and Bill Therry have very generously donated to the project, for which we extend a hearty "Thanks!"
Our next work session is scheduled for Saturday, September 30, starting at approximately 10:00 a.m. As always, we encourage our fellow CAMS-ers to join us in the restoration activity. For information, contact Vince at: email@example.com
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration Project
Work Report # 13 August 19, 2000Vince Iorio, Brian Bratvold, and Jerry Tuwiner completed the assembly of the headstock with the exception of a thrust bearing. It is being machined off site by Vince.
In order to resolve a concentricity problem with the spindle described in previous work reports, Vince and Brian made new bushings and a spindle bearing. Brian also made a special boring bar which was used to increase the diameter of the cast iron housing for the bushings and realign its center line. When this was accomplished the bushings were placed in the enlarged opening. The bearing was reamed in place. The two bushings were used to guide the reamer. After polishing the spindle using the Atlas lathe in the Tuckahoe gas and diesel building, it all fit together perfectly.
In addition to the above, some parts of the P & W horizontal mill were cleaned and polished. Vince took measurements of the holes in its cast iron base so that an electric motor mounting platform can be fashioned. Assembly of the horizontal mill will be accomplished at the next session.
The date for the next work session has not been determined.
Tuckahoe Machine Tool Restoration Project
Work Report #12 -July 29, 2000
The team of Vince Iorio, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich resumed work on the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum. (We had a short team, so we put in a slightly shorter than usual workday, starting a little after 10:00 and knocking off at 4:00.)
We had put the machine tool exhibit into reasonably good shape for the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association's annual show on July 7-9, so the first order of business was to re-establish our work area. We moved our work tables back into the Museum, and rounded up most of the boxes of supplies and machine tool parts that had been hidden behind the scenes during the show.
We spent the remainder of the day working on the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine. Although several of the larger components had already received a coat of medium gray paint, the decision was made to finish the machine in proper turn-of-the-20th-century machine tool black. Hence, we prepped and painted the existing gray parts, along with several parts that had not yet been painted. As we mentioned in an earlier work report, period catalog illustrations show a configuration for the P&W #10 mill in which the machine was powered by an electric motor mounted on the base, rather than by overhead belt drive. (This is the version that we believe that we have.) The illustrations show the final drive to be covered by protective guards, which obscured the nature of the drive. We have located both the guards and some chain-and-sprocket components that we believe to be the final drive assembly. During our next work session (after Saturday's paint has dried) we hope to begin fitting these parts together.
Happily, our earlier paucity of documentation for the P&W #10 mill has given way to a relative abundance of materials. Two of us have procured original or reprinted Pratt & Whitney machine tool catalogs from 1906 and 1919, and we have learned that we owe thanks to CAMS-er Robert Vogel for generously supplying team member Dave Welser with still more documentation.
We would like to involve more people in the restoration project. Accordingly, we are wondering if anyone would be willing to clean and possibly paint some parts in your shop if we bring them to a CAMS meeting. We have rusted tooling (primarily for the lathes--change gears, tool holders, and such) that could be cleaned up offsite, as well a counter shaft assembly or two that need to be cleaned and painted. Our next onsite work session is scheduled for Saturday, August 19. For directions to the site, to volunteer for offsite work, or for other information on the project, please contact Vince at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #11 -July 7-9, 2000
The full current team of Brian Bratvold (Friday), Vince Iorio (Saturday & Sunday), Jerry Tuwiner (Friday & Saturday), Dave Welser (Friday & Saturday), and Luther Dietrich (Saturday & Sunday) manned the machine tool display during the 27th annual show of the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association. Steve Stallings produced, printed, and delivered several hundred copies of a two-page (one-sheet) flyer for the show telling about CAMS and giving contact and meeting information. (We handed out all but two copies of the flyer, not counting the copy that we saved for our project file.)
Overall, the show was a very positive experience for us. We were gratified to hear several attendees comment that the machine tool exhibit was much improved over that of previous years. We were pleased to greet the other CAMS-ers (seven to ten or so) who showed up to view the results of the restoration team's efforts. A number of members of the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association whom we had not met before came by and expressed their appreciation for the work that we have done. We were also pleased to receive a visit from Jack Woods, donor of the three machine tools recently added to the collection. In addition, we made a number of potentially valuable contacts among the attendees that we met.
The show was also a good learning experience for us, particularly in terms of developing our "meet the public" skills. We realized that it would have been a good idea for us to have developed a flyer that explained what we are attempting to accomplish in the machine tool restoration project (in addition to the general CAMS flyer). We learned that it is desirable to wear nametags or other identification (an oversight that we managed to correct during the second day). We learned the value of putting forth a little extra effort to actively hand out the flyers and to engage visitors in conversation. We also became acutely aware that, regardless of the amount of time and effort we have put into our project, the machine tool exhibit is still very much a static display. We believe that the sights and sounds of belts and pulleys whirring, gears meshing, and tools cutting through work pieces would have made a much more dynamic and memorable experience for our visitors. All of which gives us some new goals for next year's show.
Those who have never attended a tractor and engine show would be very well advised to do so. These events bring together an impressive amount of working antique machinery, including steam- and internal combustion-powered tractors, portable and stationary engines, and implements and machinery of every conceivable description. The engines do not merely run idle--they are put to work demonstrating activities such as grain threshing, saw milling, shingle milling, and rock crushing. There are also crafts demonstrations, train rides, flea markets, and live music. Certain of our number would probably argue that the flea markets alone are worth turning out for. (On Saturday, an unnamed restoration team member purchased yet another F. E. Reed lathe, which is now stored in the Rural Life Museum awaiting restoration. Mercifully, it is much smaller than the two that we currently have on hand. It was joined on Sunday by a hand-cranked, post-mounted drill press.)
The restoration team leadership has determined that a rest and recuperation break is in order, so we will not be meeting at the Tuckahoe show ground this coming Saturday. The date for our next work session is yet to be determined. To be notified when a date is set, or for other information on the machine tool restoration project, contact Vince at: email@example.com
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #10 -July 1, 2000
Despite having their arrival times staggered somewhat by heavy 4th of July beach traffic, the full current team of Brian Bratvold, Vince Iorio, Jerry Tuwiner, Dave Welser, and Luther Dietrich continued the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum.
Although some fitting and adjusting remains to be done, reassembly of the “old” F. E. Reed lathe was completed--at least of those parts and components that are present and undamaged. The team also made more progress toward reassembling the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine by adding the knee, table, and arbor to the base casting. Both the Reed and the P & W now look fairly presentable for the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association’s annual show this coming weekend (July 7, 8, and 9). Furthermore, we believe that we have some good news from Vince regarding the P & W’s completeness. As we have indicated in recent work reports, we have been concerned that the cone pulley was missing from the collection of P & W parts at the museum. Vince has produced period P & W catalog illustrations that clearly indicate that the #10 milling machine was produced in several configurations, including one version without a cone pulley, but with an electric motor mounted by a bracket to the base of the machine. The motor was coupled to the arbor by means of what appears to be either a belt or chain-and-sprocket drive covered by a two-piece sheet metal guard. We found the guard parts, but have not yet identified the method of power transmission. (Many of the P & W parts were packed in boxes during the last two work sessions in order to remove them from harm’s way during the annual show.)
In addition to machine reassembly, the team also muscled the “new” 14-inch F. E. Reed lathe into place using pipe rollers and wheeled Johnson-bar levers. We accomplished some additional cleaning work on the Garvin milling machine, as well as a general area cleaning to tidy up the machine shop exhibit for the annual show. Again, thanks are due Andy Koch for his help in moving several display items to accommodate the “new” Reed lathe.
It bears mentioning that two members of the CAMS team, Brian and Dave, have completed a significant amount of work offsite to rehabilitate several passenger car trucks for the Tuckahoe S & G A’s one-foot gauge railroad. The finished trucks look great, and they have been given a “thumbs-up” for their operational qualities by the Tuckahoe railroad crew.
It also bears mentioning that CAMS has received some laudatory ink from the local press. In a June 30, 2000, special insert section on the Tuckahoe annual show, The [Easton, Maryland] Star Democrat ran a photograph of an unnamed CAMS-er (whose initials happen to be J. Tuwiner) cleaning the underside of the bed of the “old” F. E. Reed lathe with the caption, “Restoration work continues on new exhibits for the Rural Life Museum. With assistance from members of the Chesapeake Area Machinists (sic--but close enough!) Society, a machine shop display is taking shape.”
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #9 -June 24, 2000
The team of Jerry Tuwiner, Dave Welser, Vince Iorio, and Luther Dietrich continued the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum.
We had learned a few days before that a work team from the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association had moved three of the “new” machine tools that had been donated by Mr. Jack Woods, of Preston, Maryland, to the Tuckahoe show grounds. So on Saturday morning we found temporarily stored in the implement and tractor pavilion:
(1) a 16” Plain Crank shaper, manufactured by the Smith & Mills Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio,
(2) a Garvin #13 1/2 Plain [horizontal] Milling Machine, manufactured by the Garvin Machine Co, of New York, and
(3) another 14-inch engine lathe, a little over six feet long (approximately 3 1/2 to 4 feet between centers), manufactured by the F. E. Reed company of Worcester, Massachusetts.
All of these machines are very much “industrial strength” in size and weight, all are designed for overhead belt drive (although it appears that the shaper could take a belt from a motor mounted to the rear of the machine), and we believe that all date from the turn of the twentieth century, give or take a few years. As with the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine already in the museum, we are lacking in documentation for the Smith & Mills shaper and the Garvin horizontal milling machine. If any one has any literature on any of these machines that you would be willing to lend for copying, please let us hear from you.
Because the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association’s annual show takes place within two weeks (July 7, 8, & 9), and because the pavilion is needed for show activities, we spent a good deal of our time making space in the museum to receive the machines, as well as in giving the machines a general cleaning. (Jerry performed the lion’s share of this cleaning work heroically and uncomplainingly.) At about 3:00 p.m., Tom Booze, president of the Tuckahoe S. & G. A., and the principal forklift operator for the day, hoisted each machine in turn and slowly trundled it to the museum building where the CAMS crew members used steel pipe rollers, Johnson-bar wheeled levers, and such muscle strength as we could summon to move it into position (except for the “new” Reed lathe, which is to be rolled into place next Saturday, July 1).
In addition to the move, we made some more progress toward reassembling, at least temporarily, the 10-foot Reed lathe and some components of the Pratt & Whitney horizontal mill. Because the Reed is substantially complete, we moved it back into the corner of the museum building that it is planned to occupy. We also stored the remaining Reed and Pratt & Whitney components out of harm’s way until after the annual show. So all in all, we had a busy and productive day.
We did receive one relatively minor disappointment. We had hoped that we would be able to use the “new” Reed lathe’s carriage crank, cross slide crank, and compound crank as models for replacement parts for the “old” Reed. We learned, though, that although the “new” Reed has the same 14” swing, and is about four feet shorter than the “old” Reed, it is a considerably more robust machine (two inches wider across the bed), and the carriage and cross slide cranks are far too big to interchange. The compound crank does fit both machines, though, and it has been delivered to CAMS-er A. L. “Tex” Rubinowitz for him to make drawings of, and hopefully to duplicate in his shop.
Our next work session (and the last one before Tuckahoe’s annual show) is scheduled for Saturday, July 1. We expect to continue fitting parts to the “old” Reed lathe and the Pratt & Whitney mill, and to do some more cleaning of the new machines and the museum area for the show. At the last CAMS meeting on June 22 in Burtonsville, Maryland, Steve Stallings volunteered to produce some CAMS brochures for us to distribute at the show.
On a final note, we offer apologies to Andy Koch, director of the Tuckahoe Rural Life Museum and all-around good guy, for egregiously misspelling his name when we credited him with assisting us in our Work Report #7, June 10, 2000. Sorry, Andy!
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #8 -June 17, 2000
It was an abbreviated team again, consisting of Jerry Tuwiner, Dave Welser, and Luther Dietrich, that continued the CAMS machine tool restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum.
The team made significant progress toward cleaning and painting the principal cast iron components of the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine. (The milling machine is considerably lighter than the lathe, so we were able to move these components outside the museum building for cleaning and painting.) As we have mentioned in previous work reports, we are lacking illustrations of this machine, so our efforts at reassembly are proceeding in jigsaw puzzle fashion.
Based on our review of illustrations of comparable machines, we have concluded that the pile of Pratt & Whitney parts has not yielded a spindle cone pulley--a crucial part for an accurate restoration. Judging from the miscellaneous drilled and tapped holes in odd places on the body casting, as well as from the assortment of “aftermarket” brackets and other pieces present, it appears that the machine had been retrofitted with an electric motor and V-belt drive. There is a good possibility that other important parts may be missing, but that can be determined only after we make more progress in figuring out how the parts that are present fit together. There may be some parts reconstruction or procurement in store for us on this one.
With regard to the F. E. Reed lathe, we completed final cleaning and assembly of two subassemblies of drive components for the leadscrew and carriage drive. They have been reattached to the lathe, so that the principal remaining task is reassembly of the headstock. Vince Iorio and Brian Bratvold are continuing to work offsite to correct the concentricity problem experienced with the shaft that transmits power to the lead screw and carriage drive rod. They are turning the end of the shaft down to the next standard reamer size, making a new bushing with the bore slightly undersized, and devising tooling to ream the bushing in place after it is installed in the lathe headstock.
When this task is completed, we will be free to reassemble and install the headstock spindle and back gear countershaft, at which point the lathe will be mechanically complete (except for an overhead drive countershaft assembly) and ready for testing and adjustment. (On the topic of testing and adjustment, Dave reports that the tailstock ram was successfully reamed at Brian's on Sunday, June 18.)
There are only two more Saturdays between now and the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association’s annual show on July 7-9. Our short-term goal is to complete the reassembly of the Reed lathe, reassemble some of the major components of the Pratt & Whitney milling machine, and clean up the work area for the show. If time, energy, and other resources permit, we may attempt to devise some sort of display of the tooling (chuck, faceplate, drive dogs, tool bit holders, etc.) for the lathe.
Those wishing to attend the show (or to join the restoration team) will find the showgrounds located five miles north of Easton, Maryland, on U.S. Route 50. (The showgrounds are located on the right as you approach Easton.) We plan to be present (at least one or two of us throughout most of the show) and to have CAMS handouts available for the public.
We would like to encourage other CAMS-ers to join us, either for our Saturday restoration sessions, or to spread the word about CAMS at the show--or both! For more information, contact Vince Iorio at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #7 -June 10, 2000The abbreviated team of Vince Iorio, Jerry Tuwiner, and Luther Dietrich continued the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum, with help at different times during the day from Andy Cook, of the Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association. Brian Bratvold and Dave Welser had completed significant corrective work offsite of some of the Reed lathe parts during the past week. Jerry and Luther transported those parts to Tuckahoe.
When we wrote last week that we were entering the "fiddly bits" stage of the project, we had no idea how prophetic those words would become. Although we had hoped to substantially complete assembly of the Reed lathe during this session, we were thwarted and frustrated, largely by the refusal of the headstock-mounted drive spindle and bushing for the leadscrew and carriage drive rod to lend themselves to peaceful installation. Consequently, Vince has taken those parts to his shop for testing and possible corrective machining. (Preliminary testing has revealed that the two relevant bearing surfaces on this spindle are not concentric.)
We also found it necessary to remove the carriage (which we mounted last Saturday) to grease the gears and to mount the links that connect the auxiliary sliding support brackets for the leadscrew and carriage drive rod to the carriage. These two cast-iron brackets, which resemble large, adjustable, reversed E’s, hang from and slide along the machine’s forward way immediately before and after the carriage, with the middle arm of the "E" supporting the leadscrew and the lower arm of the "E" supporting the carriage drive rod. (We theorize that the Museum’s ten-foot-long Reed was developed as a “stretch” of a short-bed model, without concomitant scaling-up of the leadscrew and carriage drive rod. Although we cannot know until after we complete reassembly and power up the lathe, we believe that these long, relatively skinny drive components developed excessive vibration and chatter during operation. The sliding supports bear some evidence of having been developed as aftermarket accessories.) One of the links was found to be too thick; it was removed to have this thickness reduced during the next week.
Due to the press of other business on the Tuckahoe showgrounds, the field trip to Preston, Maryland, to study details of the Reed lathe there (which the Tuckahoe Museum will be acquiring soon) was postponed, possibly to Saturday, June 17.
The disappointments of the day notwithstanding, we did succeed in mounting the Reed’s compound rest and carriage drive rod (in addition to the components noted in last week’s report). We believe that when the drive spindle/bushing problem is corrected, one or two people should be able to complete assembly of the headstock with less than a day’s work. We also made a promising start toward refurbishing the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine by successfully freeing the spindle support arbor (which was frozen) and beginning the cleaning of the main body casting.
The 27th Annual Reunion & Show of the Tuckahoe Steam & Gas Association, Inc., will take place on July 7th, 8th, and 9th, 2000. (The showgrounds are located five miles north of Easton, Maryland, on U.S. Route 50.) This leaves us only three more Saturdays before the show in which to make additional progress toward reassembly of the Reed and the Pratt & Whitney, and to clear our equipment and supplies from the Museum. Needless to say, we will resume the machine tool restoration project after the show, but for now, the pressure is on to wrap things up!
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #6 -June 3, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Dave Welser, and Brian Bratvold continued the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum. Jerry Tuwiner stopped by in the afternoon for a visit since he was on the Eastern Shore as a tourist with his wife, son, and grandchildren.
The team started assembling the Reed lathe by fitting the carriage drive rack, headstock, carriage, and tailstock to the lathe bed. Examination of the tailstock bore revealed some roughness that may require machining in addition to conventional taper reaming. In addition, it was found that the tailstock ram may have suffered internal damage that prevents it from properly dislodging for removal any tooling that might be used in the tailstock. As an interim measure, a team (Art Lyman, Jerry, and Luther)has been formed to go to Preston on Saturday, June 10, to examine the Reed lathe there that will be coming to Tuckahoe. This team may bring back that lathe's tailstock, along with other components (crank handles, guards, etc.) that are missing or damaged on the current project lathe. In order to complete the tailstock overhaul, we will need the use of a Number Four Morse taper reamer--does anyone have one to lend?
The leadscrew was fitted without particular incident. The carriage drive rod, however, was found to have a pronounced bend a few inches from the tailstock end. Brian took the piece to his shop for straightening. That work has been completed, and the drive rod will be returned for fitting on Saturday, June 10.
As expected, we are now in the "fiddly bits" stage of the project. Although we have gained a good level of familiarity with the various parts of the lathe, we find that as we prepare components for final assembly, close examination reveals problems and questions that will have to be resolved before the machine can be placed in operation. For example, the carriage drive gears to be mounted in the headstock have loose bushings (with no provision for oiling after the machine is assembled) that may need corrective action. A third bushing pertaining to the carriage drive mechanism required a new oil hole--Dave is carrying out that drilling operation.
As is often the case, we are discovering some mystery components that appear to be associated with the lathe, but whose purpose is unclear. In particular, we have a second keyslotted drive rod, slightly smaller in diameter than the carriage drive rod, for which there are two mounting brackets, one on the rear of the lathe bed at the headstock end, and one on the rear of the carriage. There does not appear to be any provision for turning this rod from the headstock gearing. If anyone has any idea as to why a lathe might be fitted with such a rear-mounted auxiliary drive rod, we would be very happy to hear from you.
We would also be very happy to hear from anyone who might have any literature to share on the Pratt & Whitney #10 horizontal milling machine. Although we have found abundant material on the Reed lathe, illustrations of the P&W mill are proving elusive. Luther has ordered some milling machine literature from a dealer in Ohio, and an unnamed team member has bid truly staggering amounts for a P&W milling machine catalogue on eBay, but if anyone else has any illustrations (textbook, trade catalogue, operator's manual, etc.) of this mill, please feel free to come forward.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #5 - May 27, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Dave Welser, Brian Bratvold, and Jerry Tuwiner continued their work on the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum.
A finish coat of paint was applied to the lathe bed and all appropriate parts. It looks good! Guys, it really looks good. Other parts such as the rack were removed and cleaned. Next Saturday we will begin to assemble the lathe.
As mentioned previously, Vince drew up a plan for the placement of machines in the museum. It was done given the amount of space that Boys Town, I mean Tuckahoe, allocated to the machine shop. Tuckahoe seems to be very pleased with our work, and their ideas relative to the space allocated to the machine shop is evolving. It now seems that they envision a long space allowing us to put the three lathes, two milling machines, shaper and drill press in one or more rows so that they can be run from a single line shaft. This seems to fit in with the overall association theme of a single power source for a mill/factory, and its distribution to many machines. If this becomes our long term objective, them we may need a post and beam structure over the machine shop space to support the countershafting. It is an interesting idea that will be evaluated. Does anyone know any wood workers?
Once the lathe is assembled, we may attempt to assemble the mill just to see if all parts are there. Unlike the lathe and mill at Tuckahoe, the machines at Preston have not been taken apart. Thus, restoration of these machines may progress more quickly. It may not work out that way, but it is an encouraging thought.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #4 - May 20, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Dave Welser, Brian Bratvold, and Jerry Tuwiner continued their work on the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum. We got started early and had a very productive day. It must have been a tough day because Jerry fell asleep on the way home. Luckily, Brian was driving.
The lathe has been completely disassembled and primer applied to the legs, bed, head and tail stocks, and the many parts that make up the machine. Parts such as centers, lathe dogs, bolt heads, etc. were cleaned. We have toys, but we need more. For those of us that like to poke through barns full of old rusty obsolete machines that can be made to work with a little oil, paint and a bit of work, Tuckahoe is truly and intriguing place.
Anyway, Art and his friends visited Preston and brought countershafting, a face plate, and other sundry items. These parts were seriously dirty and rusty. They were cleaned and oiled. Some of the heavy duty machines at Preston were prepared for moving to the museum by Art Lyman and Eric Harvey.
Luther suggested that the Reed lathe at Preston be used to temporarily supply some of the missing parts for the Reed lathe at Tuckahoe in time for the July show. Later on, these parts will be used as patterns for castings.
Next week a finish coat of paint will be applied to the parts just primed. We will start assembling the lathe the following week. We can see light at the end of the tunnel, but someone recently told me that the last 5% of the job often takes the longest time to complete.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #3 - May 13, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Dave Welser, Brian Bratvold, and Jerry Tuwiner continued their work on the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum. We got started later than usual, but arrived at Tuckahoe in time for lunch. The lead screw was cleaned. After all the gunk was removed, we were pleased to see that the lead screw was not worn near the headstock as previously thought. The rack was very dirty and was therefore cleaned. The headstock and apron were assembled during the first and second workdays. Therefore, much attention was given to cleaning parts and spraying primer on the legs and bed of the lathe. The painting of the lathe should be completed by the 4th or 5th workday.
A decision will have to be made as to weather or not countershafting will be installed above the lathe in time for the July show. There is none currently in the museum building Tuckahoe may have some, or some may be taken from the Preston, Md. location.
Vince has prepared a machine layout for the museum. This is important because we don't want to move some of the machines coming into the museum more than once.
Some of the crank handles were found to be broken. It is hoped that a CAMS member that has not participated in the restoration project because of the travel distance to the Eastern Shore of Maryland, will provide assistance in this endeavor.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #2 - May 6, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, and Jerry Tuwiner continued their worked on the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum. The second workday was devoted to continued preparation of the lathe bed and legs for paint, cleaning the ways, assembling the lathe carriage and apron, riding on the Tuckahoe steam tractors, and watching a steam tractor drive the shingle cutting machine, and pleasant conversation with the Tuckahoe crew. Normally we are all business and keep our noses to the grindstone so to speak, but Art was conducting a class on steam and gas engines and the temptation was too great.
Tuckahoe Restoration Project
Work Report #1 - April 29, 2000
Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Dave Welser, and Jerry Tuwiner started the CAMS restoration project at the Tuckahoe Museum. The first work day was devoted to a short planning session and the remainder was a very productive start at restoring the Reed Lathe.
Comments and Suggestions:
Comments and suggestions and additional help are welcome. We understand that most people in CAMS can not make the trip to Tuckahoe to help out with the "dirty work". But we would appreciate any help in the area of research. The first two machines that we are putting back together are a 16 inch F.E. Reed Lathe that is approximately 10 ft in overall length. Luther has one book with a picture, but it would be nice to have more information. The second machine is a Pratt and Whitney #10 horizontal mill. We have zero information on it, and are not real sure we even have all the parts.
When everything is placed in the museum, we will have three lathes, two milling machines, both horizontal, a shaper, and a drill press. Counter shafting will be mounted overhead to drive the machinery. No conclusive decisions were made as to machine placement. There are many possibilities to consider. Vince took measurements of the building and will develop a floor diagram of the machine shop. Restoration of the machines is being conducted as a parallel activity. When completed, CAMS and Tuckahoe will have a very impressive working machine shop representative of the late 19th and early 20th century. The space that we have to work with is approximately 25 by 20 ft.
Restoration began by unpacking all the boxes in the area and placing the parts on a tarp. Art fired up the forklift and brought a very sturdy metal worktable to the museum and some parts cleaning fluid. Fortunately Vince and Luther brought some tools, rags, and other necessaries. The parts had a very light coating of rust, but when sprayed with a WD-40 like material, cleaned very nicely. The same was true of the ways.
Luther brought an early twentieth century text that contained very useful Reed Lathe diagrams. Using it as a guide, we started assembling the headstock. Assembly was done on a dry fit basis. Once we are confident that all parts are available and in adequate working condition, they will be lubricated and installed with the confidence that the lather will operate properly.
Next Work Session:
It was agreed that we would work every weekend to make sure that good progress was made by Showtime in July. We plan on working next weekend and welcome additional help. Working every weekend is dependent on most people getting spousal approval.
Work Planned for Saturday, May 6:
1. Continue to clean and install parts:
2. The lathe bed and legs will be scraped and prepared for paint. We have identified that the original paint was black. We are not planning on stripping all the paint. If anybody knows of a good filler that can be used on a partly stripped (scraped) surface, we would like to know about it.
3. If sufficient time and volunteers are available, work will begin on restoration of the mill.
Tools and Supplies:
It didn't take long to realize that tools and supplies would be needed to complete this project. We quickly made a list. Donations and loans are welcome.Tools:
Wrenches, open end and box
Brass wire brushes
Several trouble lights
Small motor with wire wheel
Broom and dust pan
Large screwdrivers for slotted screws
Thread pitch gages
Crates to sit on
Pipe cleaners of various sizes
Coffee cans for parts
Review of 22 April 2000 field trip to
Tuckahoe Steam and Gas Association
near Easton, MD
Write-up provided by Jerry Tuwiner
Eleven CAMS members spent Saturday, April 22, 2000 at Tuckahoe. Jerry Tuwiner, Robert Vogel, Stu Booher, Dan Fox, Vince Iorio, Luther Dietrich, Jim Bassett (friend of Robert V. and a member of CALS in good standing), Art Lyman, Chris Helgeson, Mark Long, and Dave Welser. We thought it was a pretty good turnout!
The morning was spent at the museum where we examined a lathe made by the F.E. Reed Company of Worcester, Massachusetts, a mill manufactured by the Pratt and Whitney Company of Hartford, Connecticut, and a drill press made by the J.E. Snyder Company of Worcester, Massachusetts.
After viewing the equipment, we strolled about the grounds making brief stops in the buildings containing early gasoline and diesel and then steam engines.
After lunch, the group drove to a garage, this side of Preston, which contained the machines that are being donated to Tuckahoe. The machines, two lathes, one having a bed 18 feet in length, a horizontal mill, and large heavy shaper, all with extensive counter shafting, as well as, many miscellaneous parts. These machines were once owned by Crocket Brothers Boat Yard located in Oxford, Maryland. About half the group returned to Tuckahoe after the visit to discuss future plans. Art suggested that the donated equipment be moved to the gas engine building and set up temporarily as a static display. Tuckahoe would like to construct a separate building, perhaps next year, adjacent to the museum to house this equipment on a permanent basis. The equipment >would then be used as a live exhibit driven by line and counter shafting. Hopefully, the equipment could also be used to make and recondition parts for other Tuckahoe activities.
The job at hand for CAMS would be to move the donated equipment to the museum. Current plans are for work to start by this weekend. Dave and Jerry are hoping to hijack Art and get some of the tackle and cribbing supplies pulled together on Friday. The task for Saturday will involve moving as many of the machines as possible. The number of machines moved in a day will depend upon the number of people that volunteer to help. Tuckahoe is accustomed to moving heavy machinery. They have, or can obtain, trucks and trailers, and have one or two individuals skilled in relocating heavy equipment. These items require skillful handling.
Current thinking involves lagging these machines to heavy timbers so that they can be winched out of the building on skids on to a rollback truck. Tuckahoe has a forklift that can lift and move these machines off a truck or trailer at Tuckahoe, and set them on the floor of the engine building.
It would seem wise to move as much equipment off the floor of the garage as possible before we attempt to move the large lathe, and the counter shafting. That lathe is located against a wall furthest from the garage door opening. Removing the counter shafting will involve unfastening it from the building and lowering it gently on to trucks or trailers.
Equipment located in the museum:
This equipment is, for the most part, disassembled. Restoration will involve taking an inventory of parts, cleaning, an assessment of repairs, if any, painting, and reassembly. Art Lyman feels that all parts are there. The machines appear to be in sound condition. They are old, and some parts may be worn. For example, Chris Helgeson noticed that the lead screw had some wear on it near the headstock. A plan was quickly formulated as to how to repair this wear. Much work on this equipment can be accomplished right in the museum or in one of the Tuckahoe shops.
It seems that about 6 to 10 people are needed for moving the donated equipment to the museum grounds. However, some people may prefer to work on the equipment located in the museum. Given enough people, both tasks can be worked in parallel.
Items for Discussion at the April 27, 2000, CAMS meeting:
1. How many people want to work on moving the donated equipment, the items already in the museum, or both?
2. What tasks need to be accomplished?
3. How are the machines to be cleaned and repainted?
4. What is the schedule?
5. What materials are needed?
The end, or actually you have reached the beginning of the Tuckahoe chronology.
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